References

General Information

Aphasia (2022). Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/aphasia/symptoms-causes/syc-20369518 

Hypertonia in babies (2021). Cleveland Clinic. https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/22231-hypertonia-baby#:~:text=Hypertonia%20is%20too%20much%20muscle%20tone%20and%20hypotonia%20is%20the,giving%20children%20a%20limp%20appearance. 

Let's talk about spasticity after stroke (2019). American Heart Association. https://www.stroke.org/-/media/stroke-files/lets-talk-about-stroke/life-after-stroke/ltas_spasticity_english_0419.pdf

Stroke symptoms (2022). American Heart Association. https://www.stroke.org/en/about-stroke/stroke-symptoms-act-fast 

Western, H. (2007). Altered living: coping, hope and quality of life after stroke. British Journal of Nursing, 16(20), 1266-1270. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2007.16.20.27573

Mental Health

Benjamin et al. (2019). Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics: 2019 Update. American Heart Association. https://www.heart.org/en/about-us/heart-and-stroke-association-statistics

Gillen, G. (2005). Positive consequences of surviving a stroke. The American journal of occupational therapy, 59(3), 346-350. http://research.aota.org/ajot/article-pdf/59/3/346/61090/346.pdf

Welch, R. (2008). Considering the psychological effects of stroke. British Journal of Healthcare Assistants, 2(7), 335-338. ​​https://doi.org/10.12968/bjha.2008.2.7.30574

Western, H. (2007). Altered living: coping, hope and quality of life after stroke. British Journal of Nursing, 16(20), 1266-1270. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2007.16.20.27573 

Caregivers

McCullagh, E., Brigstocke, G., Donaldson, N., & Kalra, L. (2005). Determinants of caregiving burden and quality of life in caregivers of stroke patients. Stroke, 36(10), 2181-2186. https://doi.org/10.1161/01.STR.0000181755.23914.53

What is caregiver burnout? (2021). American Heart Association. https://www.heart.org/-/media/files/health-topics/answers-by-heart/what-is-caregiver-burnout.pdf 

Exercises

Athwal, G. & Elliott, T. (2017). Shoulder surgery exercise guide. OrthoInfo. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/recovery/shoulder-surgery-exercise-guide/

Hoffman, H. (2018). Reclaim your reach with shoulder exercises for stroke recovery. Saebo. https://www.saebo.com/blog/reclaim-your-reach-with-shoulder-exercises-for-stroke-recovery/

Fletcher, J. (2020). What to know about scapular winging. Medical News Today. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/scapular-winging 

Stroke Exercises for the Full-Body: How to Recover Mobility at Home (2020). Flint Rehab. https://www.flintrehab.com/stroke-exercises/